Yes, if you’ve been in the UK legally for 10 continuous years by July 2019 you will be able to apply for ILR via long residency.
What are your children's' current immigration statuses?
Yes you must use the MN1 application form to register a child under the age of 18 as a British citizen.
The MN1 guidance also lists all the documents to be provided with the application:
You must select the option 'applying for myself' as though she was the one filling in the application.
You are fine to fill in the application form for her, however she must be the one to click submit on the online application from within her home country. This is because the Home Office can track IP addresses and refuse applications if they are submitted by third parties.
The visa process is almost correct. You first fill in and submit the application, then pay the Home Office and IHS fees. The online application forms on visa4uk.co.uk are set up such that each step you need to take only becomes available after successfully completing the previous.
Please contact our office should you need any assistance.
Indefinite Leave to Remain in the UK lapses after 2 years and there is not much discretion that is applied to this rule.
The only way the Home Office may have considered it is if you had lived in the UK for most of your life.
Please contact the passport office to see if there is a way to have your passport application considered sooner otherwise you may only be able to travel to the UK subject to Immigration control. i.e. with a visa
The removal of the 60 days rule under Paragraph 245AAA (b) means that the period in which you were unemployed does not affect your chances to apply for ILR anymore.
As you long as you can show 5 years continuous lawful residence as a Tier 2 Migrant in the UK, you will be eligible to apply for your ILR by December 2018.
Please contact our office to discuss your situation in more detail.
She does not need to renew her passport before applying for her visa extension.
If the visa application is approved, the Home Office will not stamp her passport this time.
Instead, your wife will be issued with a Biometric Residence Permit card and on it will state the visa type including start and end date.
We are only able to advise on matters relating to UK Immigration Law so I am unable to comment on your information to do with references and property rental.
However, as you intend to return to the UK, you would need to obtain a Spousal visa.
Please contact our office if you require assistance or if you'd like to discuss your options in further detail.
Given the recent rule changes that came into effect as of 11/01/2018, the government has removed the 60 day rule stating "Tier 2 Migrants are no longer required to have been continuously employed throughout the qualifying period to be eligible for settlement".
Once you meet your 5 years of lawful UK residence, you will be eligible to apply for ILR.
See Point 7.23 on page 8 in the link below:
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